Vasectomy is a form of male birth control that cuts the supply of sperm to your semen. It’s done by cutting and sealing the tubes that carry sperm. Vasectomy has a low risk of problems and can usually be performed in an outpatient setting under local anesthesia.
Before getting a vasectomy, however, you need to be certain you don’t want to father a child in the future. Vasectomy is considered a permanent form of male birth control. Vasectomy offers no protection from sexually transmitted infections.
What are the benefits of a Vasectomy?
A Vasectomy is a safe and effective birth control choice for men who are certain they don’t want to father a child.
- Vasectomy is nearly 100 percent effective in preventing pregnancy.
- Vasectomy is an outpatient surgery with a low risk of complications or side effects.
- The cost of a vasectomy is far less than the cost and complexity of female sterilisation (tubal ligation) or the long-term cost of birth control medications for women.
- You won’t need to take birth control steps before sex, such as putting on a condom.
A potential concern with vasectomy is that you may later change your mind about wanting to father a child. Although it may be possible to reverse your vasectomy, there’s no guarantee it will work. Reversal surgery is more complicated than vasectomy, can be very expensive and is ineffective for many men. Before you get a vasectomy, you should be certain you don’t want to father a child in the future and should have a lengthy discussion both with your partner and GP. For most men, a vasectomy doesn’t cause any noticeable side effects, and serious complications are rare.
Side effects right after surgery can include:
- Bleeding or a blood clot (hematoma) inside the scrotum
- Blood in your semen
- Bruising of your scrotum
- Infection of the surgery site
- Mild pain or discomfort
Delayed complications can include:
- Chronic pain (rare)
- Fluid buildup in the testicle, which can cause a dull ache that gets worse with ejaculation
- Inflammation caused by leaking sperm (granuloma)
- Pregnancy, in the event of recanalisation of the vas deferens
We offer a quick and convenient, minimally invasive no-scalpel vasectomy which is:
- Convenient & allows fast access
- Minimally invasive with a single puncture
- An overall quick procedure
- Fast recovery time
- Minimal discomfort
- Effective contraception
- Does a vasectomy affect your sexual performance? A vasectomy won’t affect your sex drive or your masculinity in any way other than preventing you from fathering a child.
- Does a vasectomy permanently damage your sexual organs? There’s very little risk that your testicles, penis or other parts of your reproductive system will be injured during surgery.
- Does a vasectomy increase your risk of certain cancers? Although there have been some concerns about a possible link between vasectomy and prostate and testicular cancer in the past, there’s no proven link.
- Does a vasectomy increase your risk of heart disease? As with cancer fears, there doesn’t appear to be any link between vasectomy and heart problems.
- Does a vasectomy cause severe pain? You may feel minor pain and pulling or tugging during surgery, but severe pain is rare. Likewise, after surgery you may have some pain, but for most men it’s minor and goes away after a few days.
A vasectomy is usually done at a doctor’s office or surgery centre under local anaesthesia, which means you’ll be awake and have medicine to numb the surgery area.
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Vasectomy surgery usually takes about 30 to 45 minutes. To perform a vasectomy, your doctor will likely follow these steps:
- Numb the surgery area by injecting a local anesthetic into the skin of your scrotum with a small needle.
- Make a small cut (incision) in the upper part of your scrotum once the surgery area is numb.
- Locate the tube that carries semen from your testicle (vas deferens).
- Withdraw part of the vas deferens through the incision or puncture.
- Cut the vas deferens where it has been pulled out of the scrotum.
- Seal the vas deferens by heat using a cautery. Then your doctor will return the ends of the vas deferens to the scrotum.
- Stitch up the incision using a dissolvable stitch.
Following a vasectomy, you’ll have some bruising, swelling and pain. It usually gets better within a few days. Your doctor will give you instructions for recovery. Your doctor may tell you to:
- Call right away if you have signs of infection, such as blood oozing from the surgery site; a high temperature, or worsening pain or swelling.
- Support your scrotum with the dressing applied at time of surgery and 2 pairs of snug fitting underwear for at least 48 hours after your vasectomy.
- Insert ice packs between the 2 pairs of underwear for 30 minutes on and 30 off for the first two days.
- Limit activity after surgery. You’ll need to rest for 24 hours after surgery. You can probably do light activity after two or three days, but you’ll need to avoid sports, lifting and heavy work and all dirty environments for a week or so ( or until the incisions have healed). Overdoing it could cause pain or bleeding inside the scrotum.
- Refrain from bathing for at least 24 hours after surgery.
Avoid any sexual activity for a week or so. If you do ejaculate, you may feel pain or notice blood in your semen. If you have sexual intercourse, use another form of birth control until your doctor confirms that sperm are no longer present in your semen (12 week semen analysis test).
A vasectomy doesn’t provide immediate protection against pregnancy. Use an alternative form of birth control until your doctor confirms there are no sperm in your semen. Before having unprotected sex, you’ll need to wait up to three months or longer and ejaculate 20 times or more to clear any sperm from your semen.
Most doctors do a post-surgery check three months after surgery to be certain that no sperm are present. You’ll need to present a sperm sample for analysis. Details of where will be given at time of procedure.
Vasectomy is an effective form of birth control, but it won’t protect you or your partner from sexually transmitted infections, such as chlamydia or HIV.
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